Pond & Lake EcosystemThis is a featured page


Welcome to the Pond and Lake Ecosystem. You will find information on plants and animals, a food web, conservation news, and some scenery. If you would like to add some more information go right ahead. For the conservation news you will have to go to More on Ponds and Lakes.


Scenery
The Pond Ponds and lakes are wet all year round.
There are lots of different species in Ponds and lakes.
A lake is not part of a ocean. A pond is much smaller than a
lake. Most ponds are man-made but a lake is natural.





digitalART on flickr



northern lights over lake.
This is a lake that the
northern lights hit.
This happens
only once a year.
It is an amazing sight
to many people!








RBerteig on flickr


Pond & Lake Ecosystem - Biome Wiki

Many ponds are seasonal, lasting just a couple of months (such as sessile pools) while lakes may exist for hundreds of years or more. Ponds and lakes may have limited species diversity since they are often isolated from one another and from other water sources like rivers and oceans. Lakes and ponds are divided into three different zones which are usually determined by depth and distance from the shoreline.
grazing . In the case of the insects, such as dragonflies and midges, only the egg and larvae stages are found in this zone. The vegetation and animals living in the littoral zone are food for other creatures such as turtles,
snakes, and ducks.


smotz on flickr


Taylor Lake

This is a beautiful shot of Taylor Lake in Banff Park. The water is perfectly still and acts like a perfect mirror.







marc shandro on flickr

Animals



Bullfrog
shudrbug on flickr
  • Frogs eat insects.

  • They usually spend their day sitting on lily pads.

  • Frogs usually live between 4-15 years.

  • Frogs have fairly good eyesight.Its scientific name is Rano catesbeiana.
Snail
powi...(ponanwi) on flickr
  • Live for 1-2yrs.

  • They eat plants.

  • Kept moist by mucus.

  • There is a muscle called a foot in the snail and it propels the snail.

  • Its scientific name is Cyphoma gibbson.
Clams on a rock.
net_efekt on flickr
  • Over 2,000 varieties of clams.

  • Two main types are hard shell and soft shell.

  • Life span is uncertain.

  • Algae provide 90% of metabolized nutrients.

  • It's scientific name is Katelysia opima.
The Beaver
dcJonh on flickr
  • They can live for 16 yrs.

  • Second largest rodent.

  • They only eat plants.

  • They can swim under water for 15 min.

  • Its scientific name is Castor caradensis.
A duck
Kent Mercurio aka Kance on flickr
  • They mainly eat plants.

  • They can live anywhere from 7-20 yrs. depending on the species.

  • Male ducks are called drakes and females are called hens.

  • Its scientific name is platyrhynchos.


Plants


Duckweed
By justinbaeder on flickr
Duckweed is the smallest flowering plant. It is found all around the world except for the coldest areas. It grows in slow moving fresh-water. Genetic engineers are cloning duckweed genes. The scientific name is Lemna minor.
cattails
By memekode on Flickr
Cattails are very common in ponds and lakes. The scientific name for a cattail is Typha latifolia. There leaves are flat, 8-15 tapering. There colors are usually brown, or light brown.
Lily pad
By assiegall on flickr
Water lilies are also called lily pads.
Water lilies have thick, sturdy stems.They are custom
built to float on top of the water. There are seventy different
types of water lilies.
Water lilies are becoming endangered because the
wetlands are becoming endangered. The scientific name for a water
lily is Nymphaea ororata.
green algae










By Viewoftheworld on Flickr
There are 7,000 different types
of Green Algae in many different types of habitats.
It can be unicellular or multicellular.
Algae intertwines within each
other to look bigger and be stronger.
Some organisms depend on Green algae
to conduct photosynthesis for them. The scientific name
for Green Algae is Pediastrum boryanum.
phytoplankton









By lechampiondumonde.com on flickr
Plant plankton or Phytoplankton is a single celled organism that changes carbon dioxide into
oxygen that humans can breath. Most plankton can
only be seen with a microscope, although some
aquatic animals are considered plankton to. Because of the way they
float through the water. The scientific name for Phytoplankton is
Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii.









Food Web

Food webs show how energy flows in an ecosystem. The red arrows go from one organism to another. For example, flying insects are eaten by birds, and the arrow on the food web starts at the flying insects and points to the birds. Not all of the links between organisms are shown below. If they were, the food web would be too complicated for anyone to understand. To make it simpler, this food web shows decomposers on the bottom, consumers on the top, and producers in the middle, with a description of each to the right.

Pond or Lake Food WebConsumers are organisms that eat other organisms. There are three types of consumers: Herbivores, carnivores, and omnivores. Herbivores, like beavers or ducks, eat only plants. Carnivores, like frogs, eat other animals. Omnivores, like humans or bears, eat both plants and animals.

Producers, like large plants, pond slime, and algae, make their own food using photosynthesis. They are eaten by consumers and decomposers.

Decomposers, like bacteria and fungi, eat dead plants and animals that sink from the surface or are already near them. They decompose, or break down, their food.
Food web from www.yvw.com.au/.../pondfoodweb.html

























Test Questions
1. How long can ducks live?____________________________________________
2. What is the largest algae? ____________________________________________
3. Can decomposers eat dead plants and animals? yes no
4. Can producers make their own food by using photosynthesis? yes no
5. What is the scientific name for a frog? _______________________________
6. What is the smallest flowering plant?________________________________
7. What do beavers eat? _____________________________
8. What are producers eaten by?____________________
9. What are male and female ducks called?___________________________
10. What do frogs eat?____________________________

Answers

  1. 7-20 years
  2. The largest algae is Green Algae.
  3. yes
  4. yes
  5. Rano catesbeiana
  6. Duckweed
  7. Beavers eat mostly plants.
  8. They are eaten by consumers and decomposers.
  9. Males are called drakes and females are called hens.
  10. Frogs eat mostly insects.






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13pathop
Latest page update: made by 13pathop , Jun 29 2008, 3:56 PM EDT (about this update About This Update 13pathop ponds and lakes - 13pathop

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