Mountains BiomeThis is a featured page

Mountains - Biome Wiki
picture from dino olivieri on Flickr

Photos of Glacier National Park, Yellowstone National Park, and the Bad Lands of South Dakota.

Mountain Environmental Zones:

Biomes of the World - Mountains, published 1999 by Grolier Educational, Canbury, CT

Highest altitude there is continuous snow. There is no vegetation present.

Above the timber line there is no more trees just meadows of grasses and wild flowers with an occasional small shrub. Right below the timber line are coniferous trees that are spread out.

As you move downward there is a coniferous forest with cone trees like firs and pines.

In the middle latitudes, at the base to part way up the mountains there are broad leaved forests with beech and ash trees or in warmer climates toward the equator a tropical rain forest is present.

Mountains - Biome WikiMountains - Biome WikiMountains - Biome Wiki

by Ian BC North on Flickr by OneofThem on Flickr by hectorthebat on Flickr.

Animals of the Mountains:

mountain hare

by polandeze on Flickr

Lepus timidus
Mountain Hare
  • Life span 10 years.
  • Predator is the red fox.
  • Known as "Blue Hare" due to its summer color.
  • It is extremely fast
  • It's an animal from Sweden
  • The animal is under threat for habitat loss
Mountain goat

by santanartist on Flickr

Oreamnos americanus
Mountain Goats
  • 3-4 feet tall
  • 150-300 lbs
  • Discovered in 1811
  • Hooves have sharp edges
  • Also known as the "Rocky Mountain Goat"
  • These animals eat grass, herbs. mosses, ferns, and lichens
Mountains - Biome Wiki
by ahisgett on Flickr
Mountains - Biome Wiki
by artct45 on Flickr

Felis concolor
Mountain Lions
  • 24-28 in. tall ( floor to shoulder)
  • 80-230 lbs
  • Eat wild animals
  • Live to be 18
  • Males mature faster
  • They are carnivores

Mountains - Biome Wiki
Mountains - Biome Wiki
by stoichiometry on Flickr

Crotalus Sistrurus
Rattle Snake
  • They come in 16 distinct varieties
  • The shaking of its tail means to go away
  • Feeds on small rodents
  • Produce deadly venom
  • Predators are king snakes, roadrunners, hawks, and eagles
  • The average adult size is 3 to 4 feet
by jeff k on Flickr

Marmota marmota
Alpine Marmots
  • Their main food is grasses, and herbs
  • Some do not eat on hot days because they are not suited for heat
  • Hibernation starts in October
  • Species of the squirrel family
  • When fully grown they can be over 50 centimeters
  • Weigh up to 6 kilograms
Mountains - Biome Wiki
by mape_s on Flickr

Ovis orientalis
Bighorn Sheep
  • Weigh up to 115- 280 pounds
  • It's 50- 62"
  • Can live from 15- 20 years
  • Main food is grasses, sedges, and, forbs
  • Can form herds up to 100 individuals
  • Males stay away from females, and young for most of the year

Plant of the Mountains:

Mountains - Biome Wiki
by James Gordon on Flickr
Mountain Chaparral
  • This plant is a brush or a shrub.
  • The plant is usually an evergreen.
  • The petals are coated with a leathery texture.
  • These plants can survive in the mountains because of the long roots they have.
  • The plants can live in poor soil with little water.
  • The plants also have very sharp thorns.
Mountains - Biome Wiki
photo by jarrodamoore on Flickr
Mount Cook Lily
  • Relative of buttercup not a lily.
  • Grows 60- 100 cm. tall flowering is late spring early summer 5- 8 cm. in diameter leaves disappear in winter.
Mountains - Biome Wiki
by vuturistic on Flickr
  • 3- 4 inches in summer
  • white to light pink flowers in the summer.
Mountains - Biome Wiki
by Martin Labar on Flickr
Mountain Ash Fruit
  • Good sweet tasting non- bitter taste.
  • The tree grows to be 20 feet.
  • Planting season is in spring.
  • Takes 3 years to grow.
  • Need sun to grow.
  • Fruit color is a bright orange.
Mountains - Biome Wiki
by Maggie T on Flickr
Indian Paintbrush
  • Blooms from April to September.
  • Comes in red, orange, yellow, and cream white.
  • Grows to be .5 to 3 feet tall.
  • The most common color is the bright red.
  • Insects and birds pollinate on this flower.

Food Web
A diagram that shows the feeding relationships between organisms in an ecosystem.

food web
This photo is John M. Owens at the University of Florida.

The Food Web starts with grass.
The grass will be eaten by herbivores witch gives them energy.
In the end the carnivores and omnivores eat the herbivores.
And this Food Web continues.

Conservation Problems: Mountains are suffering from logging issues. People are cutting the trees down and this is hurting the plant and animal life in many national parks. Without plant cover, erosion has become a problem as soil runs down the mountain. To prevent this we need to stop the logging on steep mountain sides where soil can just run off. As we log off mature trees, we need to immediately replant new trees. Also you could start up an Alpine Mountain Club - cleaning operation. Mountains have become a big area for tourism, which creates jobs and improves living standards for many people in that area, but there are many disadvantages. Environmental disadvantages because of tourism, are mountain areas have been polluted from traffic and from people littering.

Questions (help for all the questions):
  1. What is a mountain?
  2. How are mountains formed?
  3. what are the five basic mountains?
  4. What is the tallest mountain in the world?
  5. What is the longest mountain rang in the world?
  6. What is special about the Himalayas?
  7. Where are the fourteen mountains on earth that are higher than 8,000 meter (26,457 feet) above sea level?
  8. What are some two major environmental problems occurring in mountain areas?
  9. How do many herbivores deal with seasonal changes in temperature?
  10. What is the timber line?

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